Carl Jung: The Psyche or Ego, Personal Unconscious and Collective Unconscious

Jung believed the psyche was divided into three distinctive parts:

Ego

This is fundamentally the conscious mind. The ego is the executive of the individual, making decisions, learning, growing and obtaining wisdom.

Personal Unconscious

Describes anything that can be brought to the conscious mind with ease, but isn’t presently, including impulses, fears, traumasĀ and memories. Included in this category are memories that have been suppressed or forgotten, or are too weak to reach the conscious mind. Jung felt this was a superficial layer of the unconscious.

Collective Unconscious

Jung’s theory of the collective unconscious is often described as the ‘driving inheritance’ or ‘psychic inheritance’. This part of the psyche is never consciously called upon, but directs a person’s emotional reactions. It is a collection of the religious, spiritual and mythological symbols which are passed down through the generations and therefore pre-date the individual.


 

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