Carl Ransom Rogers (1902 – 1987) was born in Oak Park, Illinois. He is known as the father of client centred therapy, sometimes called non-directive therapy.
Client Centred Therapy
The basis of this approach is for the counsellor not to direct the client with questions, assessments, opinions and interpretations. Instead the counsellor provides a safe, non-judgemental and supportive environment where the client can decide what is discussed. The client has complete control of each counselling session. Rogers believed that each client could find their own solutions to current difficulties without having the counsellor set the direction of their therapy.
The Core Conditions
“The whole conceptual framework of Carl Rogers rests on his profound experience that human beings become increasingly trustworthy once they feel at a deep level that their subjective experience is both respected and progressively understood.” (Quoted from Thorne). We can see this at work in what Rogers called the ‘Core Conditions’ of counselling, which are often known by the acronym ‘CUE’.
C = Congruence (realness, genuineness. Your body language reflects what you are saying).
U = Unconditional Positive Regard (respect for the client. You hold the client in high regard at all times).
E = Empathy (a complete understanding of the client’s thoughts and feelings).